## Roman Numerals & How They Began

Historians believe Roman Numerals began as a tally system. Shepherds on the hills and in the fields around Rome would cut marks into sticks to keep track of how many sheep or goats were in their care.

Each animal was counted then recorded on a wooden stick with a single notch cut with a knife. Every fifth sheep was recorded on the stick with two notches which formed a V.  Each tenth sheep was recorded with two cuts to form an X. This method of record keeping was still being used by Italian shepherds during the Nineteenth Century!

## How to Write Roman Numerals

I = 1
V = 5
X = 10
L = 50
C = 100
D = 500
M = 1000

The mnemonic ‘I Value Xylophones Like Cows Do Milk’ may really help you. If you’d like a poster and/or flash cards, you can get them on My Teaching Library…

## How to Read & Write Roman Numerals – The Additive Property

The Additive Property – This rather ‘techo’ term simply means to ADD the value of each symbol to arrive at the final number .
e.g. LXXXIII = 50 + 10 + 10 +10 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 83

## Fun Lapbook Project to learn Roman Numerals

Students will learn both the history and math of roman numerals as they create a lasting project. Students are given informational text (a brief history) of this numerical system as well as an explanation of the numbers and how they are used (counted – will require students to ‘identify’ given numbers – i.e. CDLX). Students will also learn how roman numerals are used now in every day life.

Includes:

• – Explanation and instructions for creating a lapbook
• – Informational text
• – Map of Ancient Roman Empire
• – Lapbooking templates

My Teaching Library is also offering a FREE worksheet to get students working with Roman Numerals 1 to 99. This FREE Roman Numerals Worksheet has been taken from MTL’s Roman Numerals 1 to 99 and Thanksgiving Mazes product. It will give your students practice converting Roman numerals to numbers (1 to 99). There are 12 problems and a fun cornucopia maze. Answer Key included!

Get your instant free Roman Numerals Worksheet here!

If you LOVE to get freebies, My Teaching Library offers several plus if you sign up for the MTL newsletter, you’ll get at least one free resource in every email!

To instantly signup for the MTL newsletter, get at least one freebie in every email and get a BONUS freebie just for signing up, click here!

## Mid-October Activities and Lessons

Isn’t it amazing just how fast time goes by?! It is hard to believe it is mid October already! I live in Colorado and just last night we had a huge cold front move in from the north. Needless to stay, there was a lot of wind and I have leaves everywhere!

This made me think how much I used to love doing leaf activities with my son when he was younger. So…today I want to share a few you can find on My Teaching Library!

#### Autumn Art | Leaf ReliefHere is a quick art project for the Fall! Students will have fun creating a lasting leaf relief that they can keep for years to come.

My Teaching Library has a lot of other fun activities that would be perfect for this time of year! Here are 3 of the many available…

## NEW RESOURCES

Because mid-October often has people thinking about creepy crawly things (like spiders…ewww), I’ve just created a resource for learning the life cycle of a spider…

#### Spider Life Cycle | Poster and ActivitiesWant to study the life cycle of a spider? Here is a resource for you!This resource Includes:– 2 labeled posters (color and b/w) – life cycle coloring page – colorful center activity – 2 cut-n-paste worksheets

I’ve also just added a new, fun Fall writing activity…

#### Fall Chaos | Creative Writing ActivityFUN Fall writing activity. Use as a lesson assignment or in a writing center. Using this resource, students will roll one die 4 times and use the chart to help determine the character, setting, weather and conflict that should be in their story. Then, they will plan out their story on given pages:– Character Planner– Setting Planner– Story Planner

After all planning is complete, they will write their stories!

Thank you for reading and allowing My Teaching Library to be a part of your teaching journey. If you know someone else that teaches, please tell them about MTL!

## The Process of Electing our Leaders | U.S. Elections

It’s important that students learn about every aspect of the election process.

Your students want to learn and they love when given a chance to take charge of their learning! That is why My Teaching Library offers this U.S. Elections themed resource that will give them the opportunities they need to take charge, make decisions, collaborate and learn…all while creating a wonderful project!

This resource will give the students the opportunity to learn about different aspects of U.S. elections (both local and national elections) and at the same time give them choices as to what they want (or need) to focus on.

It will also give them the opportunity to choose how they want to work (alone or in a group) and how they present their findingsm using either a notebooking method or creating a lapbook. Of course, if you as the teacher, want (or need) to assign specifics and give them less control, you can do that as well. This resource is flexible!

Several informational text pages have been provided but students should be encouraged to read books and find other resources to gather information. Perhaps they can watch an upcoming televised debate. Perhaps they can attend a townhall meeting or interview someone.

Included:

• Teacher pages for instructions, explanations and evaluations and more
• Sample questions to get students ‘thinking’
• Over 100 pages for students to select from when designing their projects! (These student pages have been created ‘in color’ but can easily be printed in b/w or grayscale to save \$\$\$).

MTL News

## Have you visited the NEW website?

CHSH-Teach unveiled a NEW website over the summer and if you haven’t visited it yet, you will definitely want to do so!

### Our History

My Teaching Library has evolved from very small beginnings. In 2010, a small site was created to help homeschooling families come together and support one another. It quickly became apparent that there was a need for quality, low-cost, educational material for these families. Lynda Ackert (the founder) was a veteran education of 20+ years and knew she could begin compiling and creating these materials and created the Download Club. As the site began to offer more materials, teachers outside the homeschooling community began to find and want access. The site grew and a company was formed: CHSH-Teach, LLC. Over the next several years, platforms changed and demand for materials increased. The company needed to expand, secure and create a space for everyone to find the educational materials they needed. Thus, My Teaching Library was created.